MySQL mysqlbinlog 解析出的 SQL 语句被注释是怎么回事

一网友反馈使用mysqlbinlog解析出的二进制日志中的内容中,有些SQL语句有#注释的情况,这个是怎么回事呢?我们通过实验来了解一下具体细节情况,如下所示,实验环境为5.6.20-enterprise-commercial-advanced-log

# whereis mysqlbinlog

mysqlbinlog: /usr/bin/mysqlbinlog /usr/share/man/man1/mysqlbinlog.1.gz

我们先在参数文件my.cnf里面设置binlog_format=ROW ,然后重启一下MySQL服务

mysql> show variables like 'binlog_format';
+---------------+-------+
| Variable_name | Value |
+---------------+-------+
| binlog_format | ROW   |
+---------------+-------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 
mysql> show master status;
+----------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+-------------------+
| File                 | Position | Binlog_Do_DB | Binlog_Ignore_DB | Executed_Gtid_Set |
+----------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+-------------------+
| DB-Server-bin.000005 |      512 |              |                  |                   |
+----------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+-------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 
mysql> 
 
 
 
mysql> drop table kkk;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)
 
mysql> create table kkk (id int ,name varchar(32));
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.02 sec)
 
mysql> insert into kkk
    -> select 100, 'name' union all
    -> select 200, 'kerry' union all
    -> select 300, 'k3';
Query OK, 3 rows affected (0.02 sec)
Records: 3  Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0
 
mysql>

默认情况下只能看到一些经过base-64编码的信息,如下所示:

[root@DB-Server ~]# /usr/bin/mysqlbinlog  /data/mysql/DB-Server-bin.000005

use `MyDB`/*!*/;
SET TIMESTAMP=1530288296/*!*/;
DROP TABLE `kkk` /* generated by server */
/*!*/;
# at 628
#180629 12:05:14 server id 1  end_log_pos 745 CRC32 0xc6037a3f  Query   thread_id=3     exec_time=0     error_code=0
SET TIMESTAMP=1530288314/*!*/;
create table kkk (id int ,name varchar(32))
/*!*/;
# at 745
#180629 12:06:07 server id 1  end_log_pos 817 CRC32 0x74fd4efb  Query   thread_id=3     exec_time=0     error_code=0
SET TIMESTAMP=1530288367/*!*/;
BEGIN
/*!*/;
# at 817
#180629 12:06:07 server id 1  end_log_pos 866 CRC32 0xfb1391dd  Table_map: `MyDB`.`kkk` mapped to number 73
# at 866
#180629 12:06:07 server id 1  end_log_pos 930 CRC32 0xecb4e812  Write_rows: table id 73 flags: STMT_END_F
 
BINLOG '
71g2WxMBAAAAMQAAAGIDAAAAAEkAAAAAAAEABE15REIAA2trawACAw8CYAAD3ZET+w==
71g2Wx4BAAAAQAAAAKIDAAAAAEkAAAAAAAEAAgAC//xkAAAABG5hbWX8yAAAAAVrZXJyefwsAQAA
AmszEui07A==
'/*!*/;
# at 930
#180629 12:06:07 server id 1  end_log_pos 961 CRC32 0x7ca988e3  Xid = 37
COMMIT/*!*/;
DELIMITER ;
# End of log file
ROLLBACK /* added by mysqlbinlog */;
/*!50003 SET COMPLETION_TYPE=@OLD_COMPLETION_TYPE*/;
/*!50530 SET @@SESSION.PSEUDO_SLAVE_MODE=0*/;

mysqlbinlog有一个参数–verbose(或-v),将自动生成带注释的SQL语句(在行事件中重构伪SQL语句),其实这个并非原始SQL语句,而是伪SQL,如果使用这个参数两次(如-v -v),则输出列的描述信息,会生成字段的类型、长度、是否为null等属性信息:

-v, –verbose       Reconstruct pseudo-SQL statements out of row events. -v  -v adds comments on column data types.

[root@DB-Server ~]# /usr/bin/mysqlbinlog -v /data/mysql/DB-Server-bin.000005

如上所示,其实这里的SQL语句不是原始SQL语句,那么能否看到原始SQL语句呢?答案是可以,但是必须设置系统变量binlog_rows_query_log_events

mysql> show variables like 'binlog_rows_query_log_events';
+------------------------------+-------+
| Variable_name                | Value |
+------------------------------+-------+
| binlog_rows_query_log_events | OFF   |
+------------------------------+-------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 
mysql> set binlog_rows_query_log_events=1;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
 
mysql> flush logs;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)
 
mysql>  show master status;
+----------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+-------------------+
| File                 | Position | Binlog_Do_DB | Binlog_Ignore_DB | Executed_Gtid_Set |
+----------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+-------------------+
| DB-Server-bin.000026 |      120 |              |                  |                   |
+----------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+-------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 
mysql>
mysql> insert into kkk select 600, 'k600';
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
Records: 1  Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0

[root@DB-Server ~]# /usr/bin/mysqlbinlog  –base64-output=DECODE-ROWS  -v -v /data/mysql/DB-Server-bin.000026

在二进制日志格式为MIXED模式下,简单测试没有发现SQL被注释的情况,记录的都是原始的SQL语句。不清楚是否存在某些特殊情况也会出现这种情况。网友反馈腾讯云的MySQL在MIXED模式下,也会出现这种情况,不过没有使用过腾讯的MySQL,手头也没有测试环境,只能作罢!



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