记一次 Spring Maven 打包的坑

背景:

一个将kafka数据入库的项目,由于偷懒,直接想改动现成的Spring-ibait项目。

做完dao层后,要将项目打成一个jar包,然后部署到服务器上运行。

项目使用Maven来管理依赖。

问题:

在网上查了相关Maven配置如下:

<build>  
    <plugins>  
  
        <plugin>  
            <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>  
            <artifactId>maven-assembly-plugin</artifactId>  
            <version>2.5.5</version>  
            <configuration>  
                <archive>  
                    <manifest>  
                        <mainClass>com.xxg.Main</mainClass>  
                    </manifest>  
                </archive>  
                <descriptorRefs>  
                    <descriptorRef>jar-with-dependencies</descriptorRef>  
                </descriptorRefs>  
            </configuration>  
            <executions>  
                <execution>  
                    <id>make-assembly</id>  
                    <phase>package</phase>  
                    <goals>  
                        <goal>single</goal>  
                    </goals>  
                </execution>  
            </executions>  
        </plugin>  
  
    </plugins>  
</build>

使用mvn package打包,抛出如下错误:

org.springframework.beans.factory.parsing.BeanDefinitionParsingException: Configuration problem: Unable to locate Spring NamespaceHandler for XML schema namespace [http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop] 
Offending resource: class path resource [beans.xml] 

at org.springframework.beans.factory.parsing.FailFastProblemReporter.error(FailFastProblemReporter.java:68)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.parsing.ReaderContext.error(ReaderContext.java:85) 
at org.springframework.beans.factory.parsing.ReaderContext.error(ReaderContext.java:80) 
at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.BeanDefinitionParserDelegate.error(BeanDefinitionParserDelegate.java:284)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.BeanDefinitionParserDelegate.parseCustomElement(BeanDefinitionParserDelegate.java:1335)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.BeanDefinitionParserDelegate.parseCustomElement(BeanDefinitionParserDelegate.java:1328)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.parseBeanDefinitions(DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.java:135)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.registerBeanDefinitions(DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.java:93)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.registerBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:493)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.doLoadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:390)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:334)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:302)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.java:143)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.java:178)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.java:149)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.java:212)
at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractXmlApplicationContext.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractXmlApplicationContext.java:126)
at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractXmlApplicationContext.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractXmlApplicationContext.java:92)
at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractRefreshableApplicationContext.refreshBeanFactory(AbstractRefreshableApplicationContext.java:130)
at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.obtainFreshBeanFactory(AbstractApplicationContext.java:467)
at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:397)
at org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.<init>(ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.java:139) 
at org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.<init>(ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.java:83) 
at cn.com.ckx.service.UserServiceTest.testAdd(UserServiceTest.java:11) 
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) 
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39) 
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25) 
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597) 
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:44) 
at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:15) 
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:41) 
at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.InvokeMethod.evaluate(InvokeMethod.java:20) 
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:76) 
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:50) 
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:193) 
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:52) 
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:191) 
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:42) 
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:184) 
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:236) 
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference.run(JUnit4TestReference.java:49) 
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution.run(TestExecution.java:38) 
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:467) 
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:683) 
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.run(RemoteTestRunner.java:390) 
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.main(RemoteTestRunner.java:197)

查了网上的资料,发现是对应jar包没有添加。可是查了半天发现pom中的依赖都是全的。

解决:

如果项目中用到了Spring Framework,将依赖打到一个jar包中,运行时会出现读取XML schema文件出错。原因是Spring Framework的多个jar包中包含相同的文件spring.handlers和spring.schemas,如果生成一个jar包会互相覆盖。为了避免互相影响,可以使用AppendingTransformer来对文件内容追加合并:

<build>  
    <plugins>  
  
        <plugin>  
            <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>  
            <artifactId>maven-shade-plugin</artifactId>  
            <version>2.4.1</version>  
            <executions>  
                <execution>  
                    <phase>package</phase>  
                    <goals>  
                        <goal>shade</goal>  
                    </goals>  
                    <configuration>  
                        <transformers>  
                            <transformer implementation="org.apache.maven.plugins.shade.resource.ManifestResourceTransformer">  
                                <mainClass>com.xxg.Main</mainClass>  
                            </transformer>  
                            <transformer implementation="org.apache.maven.plugins.shade.resource.AppendingTransformer">  
                                <resource>META-INF/spring.handlers</resource>  
                            </transformer>  
                            <transformer implementation="org.apache.maven.plugins.shade.resource.AppendingTransformer">  
                                <resource>META-INF/spring.schemas</resource>  
                            </transformer>  
                        </transformers>  
                    </configuration>  
                </execution>  
            </executions>  
        </plugin>  
  
    </plugins>  
</build>

再次报错:

java.lang.SecurityException: Invalid signature file digest for Manifest main attributes

这是由于一些包重复引用,打包后的 META-INF 目录多出了一些 *.SF 等文件所致。

pom中添加:

<configuration>
          <filters>
            <filter>
              <artifact>*:*</artifact>
              <excludes>
                <exclude>META-INF/*.SF</exclude>
                <exclude>META-INF/*.DSA</exclude>
                <exclude>META-INF/*.RSA</exclude>
              </excludes>
            </filter>
          </filters>
</configuration>

最终的pom:

<build>
		<plugins>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-shade-plugin</artifactId>
				<version>1.4</version>
				<executions>
					<execution>
						<phase>package</phase>
						<goals>
							<goal>shade</goal>
						</goals>
						<configuration>
							<filters>
								<filter>
									<artifact>*:*</artifact>
									<excludes>
										<exclude>META-INF/*.SF</exclude>
										<exclude>META-INF/*.DSA</exclude>
										<exclude>META-INF/*.RSA</exclude>
									</excludes>
								</filter>
							</filters>
							<transformers>
								<transformer
									implementation="org.apache.maven.plugins.shade.resource.ManifestResourceTransformer">
									<mainClass>com.defonds.RsaEncryptor</mainClass>
								</transformer>
								<transformer
									implementation="org.apache.maven.plugins.shade.resource.AppendingTransformer">
									<resource>META-INF/spring.handlers</resource>
								</transformer>
								<transformer
									implementation="org.apache.maven.plugins.shade.resource.AppendingTransformer">
									<resource>META-INF/spring.schemas</resource>
								</transformer>
							</transformers>
						</configuration>
					</execution>
				</executions>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>

Reference:

  1. http://blog.csdn.net/xiao__gui/article/details/47341385
  2. http://www.mamicode.com/info-detail-447722.html


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